However, early detection and treatment are extremely important. Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults.
Periodontal disease occurs when plaque builds up and irritates the gum and bone, leading to inflammation and infection. The earliest stage of gum disease is called gingivitis
If left untreated, the condition can progress to the bone, called periodontitis
Signs of periodontal disease may include:
- sore and/or bleeding gums
- tooth movement
- changes in your bite
- bad breath or persistent bad taste
- gums that have pulled away from your teeth
In later stages of the disease, the bone and soft tissues that support the teeth are destroyed. This may cause the teeth to become loose, fall out or must be removed.